Friday, December 22, 2006

Guess who invented basketball eh?

Mr. Craig Cantin
NBA Bloggers

Dear Mr. Cantin:

Thank you so very much for inviting CyberSmokeBlog into your family of NBA Bloggers. We think your colleagues and you will find CSB to be a very interesting, informative site. Not only are our readers most knowledgeable about basketball but we get into some fascinating, leading edge socio-legal discussions such as freedom of speech and expression versus defamation.

Just to show you our Molson-Coors CANADIAN audience knows basketball , can any of your Bloggers tell us who said, "Havlichek Stole The Ball!"


Clare L. Pieuk

P.S. You write a very good e-mail!
James Naismith
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

James Naismith, M.A., M.D., D.D., (November 6, 1861 – November 28, 1939) was the inventor of the sport of basketball and the first to introduce the use of a hemlet in American football in American football. He was also the first basketball coach to assemble a team of 5 players.

He was born in Almonte, Ontario C-A-N-A-D-A, the eldest son of Scottish immigrants who had arrived in the area in 1851and worked in the mining industry.

Invention Of Basketball

In 1891, while working as a physical education teacher at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts, and coaching football at McGill University, Naismith was asked to make a game that wouldn't take up much room and at the same time, could be played indoors.

Inspired mostly by a Canadian game he played as a child in Canada called Duck-on-a-Rock, Naismith's basketball started December 15, 1891 with thirteen rules (modified versions of twelve of those are still used today), a peach basket nailed to either end of the school's gymnasium, and two teams of nine players. On January 15, 1892 Naismith published the rules for basketball. The original rules did not include what is known today as the dribble. They initially only allowed the ball to be moved up the court via a pass. Following each "goal" a jump ball was taken in the middle of the court. Although it wasn't a rule, players would commonly use the dust of coal to cover the palms of their hands, allowing them to get a better grip on the ball. The coal palm was used up until the early 1930s. Also interesting was the rule concerning balls out of bounds - the first player to retrieve the ball received possession.

Basketball became a popular men's sport in the United States and Canada very quickly, and spread to other countries as well. Additionally, there were several efforts to establish (under modified rules) a women's version. Naismith himself was impressed with how quickly women caught onto the game and remarked that they were quick to understand the nature of the teamwork involved. He observed some women playing at a college in Springfield, MA, and was instrumental in promoting the sport for women in New England. This met with great resistance in some circles and was consequently far slower to become truly widespread. Even Naismith felt that it was appropriate to modify the rules somewhat to account for the delicate nature of women.

The men's sport was officially added to the Olympic program at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. There, Naismith handed out the medals to three North American teams; United States, for the Gold Medal, Canada for the Silver Medal, and Mexico, for their Bronze medal win. Women's basketball finally became an Olympic event in Montreal
l during the 1976 Summer Olympics. Previously, there had been a men's basketball competition, in connection with the 1904 Games at St. Louis USA.

Personal Life

Naismith married Maude Sherman in 1894. They had five children. Naismith was also a Presbyterian Minister. Naismith became a naturalized American citizen on May 4, 1925. In 1939 he was awarded his Doctor of Divinity from The Presbyterian College, Montreal. After Maude's death in 1937, he married Florance Kincade on June 11, 1939, less than six months before his own death, in Lawrence Kansas, of a cerebral hemorrage.

He has been honored extensively in his native country Canada and also in other nations. He was the founding inductee when on February 17, 1968 the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame named in his honour, opened in Springfield, Massachusetts.

In 2005 James Naismith's grandson, Ian Naismith, planned on selling the original copy of the basketball rule book. The rules were passed down on Naismith's death to his youngest son, James Naismith, who was Ian's father. James lived in Corpus Christie, Texas.

Naismith was a Freemason and a member of Signa Phi Epsilon fraternity.

13 Rules Of Basketball - Written By James Naismith

The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.

The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands, but never with the fist.

A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man running at good speed.

The ball must be held by the hands. The arms or body must not be used for holding it.

No shouldering, holding, pushing, striking or tripping in any way of an opponent.

The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul; the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game. No substitution shall be allowed.

A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3 and 4 and such as described in Rule 5.

If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count as a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the meantime making a foul).

A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edges, and the opponent moves the basket, it shall count as a goal.

When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field and played by the first person touching it. In case of dispute the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.

The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. He shall have power to disqualify men according to Rule 5.

The referee shall be judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals, with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee.

The time shall be two fifteen-minute halves, with five minutes rest between.

The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner.


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